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Where Is Pentecost In The Bible?
The concept and celebration of Pentecost is found multiple times throughout the Bible and is one of the most significant and revered holidays in Christianity. The term “Pentecost” is derived from the Greek word “pentekoste,” meaning “fiftieth.” Pentecost marks the fiftieth day after Easter and commemorates the arrival of the Holy Spirit to the apostles as described in Acts 2.
The first time the concept of Pentecost is introduced is in the Book of Leviticus, in which the Israelites are commanded to observe it as a special feast day: “And you shall count seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be to you forty-nine years. Then you shall cause the trumpet of the Jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land. And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants” (Leviticus 25:8-10).
The second mention of the holiday comes in the Book of Exodus, in which Moses and the Israelites are instructed to prepare for the Feast of Weeks. This festival is a celebration of the first fruits of the harvest and is observed on the fiftieth day after Passover. This holiday is known in the Jewish tradition as Shavuot and corresponds with the modern-day observance of Pentecost.
The most significant mention of Pentecost, however, is found in the second chapter of the Book of Acts. Here, it is described as the day that the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles and empowered them to spread the Gospel. This event is often referred to as the “birthday of the Church” and the “birth of the Christian faith.”
The description of the event reads: “And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”
This event is also significant for other reasons as well. Many Christians view it as the culmination of Jesus’ promise to his disciples in John 14 that “the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and remind you of everything I have said to you.” This outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles is thus seen as the fulfillment of this promise.
Pentecost is thus a vital and powerful event in the history of Christianity. It marks the arrival of the Holy Spirit, the beginning of the spread of the Gospel, and the promise of Christ’s love and presence in the Church. It is a holiday to be celebrated and remembered.