Interested in learning more about the Bible?
We send our amazing followers of Jesus Christ, just like you, daily text messages from the Holy Bible.
Will you join them?
How Many Books Old Testament?
The Old Testament is an incredible compendium of scripture that serves as a powerful witness to the history of the faith and its adherents. It is comprised of a myriad of books, ranging from narrative stories, to prophecies and wisdom literature, to genealogies, and more. In total, there are 39 books in the Old Testament, and these texts are divided into three major sections: the Pentateuch, the Historical Books, and the Prophetic Books.
The Pentateuch, which is also referred to as the Torah, consists of the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These books were penned by Moses, and they recount the creation and earliest history of the world, God’s chosen nation of Israel, and the Laws of Moses. Genesis presents the creation story, while Exodus and Leviticus provide the laws and regulations that God gave to the Israelites. Numbers and Deuteronomy encapsulate the history of God’s people as they traveled through the wilderness and prepared to enter the Promised Land.
The Historical Books, which are sometimes referred to as the Former Prophets, are the next twelve books of the Old Testament. These books tell the account of the reign of Kings Saul, David, and Solomon, and the establishment and eventual fall of the United Monarchy of Israel. These books include Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, and 1 and 2 Chronicles.
The final major section of the Old Testament is the Prophetic Books, which are sometimes referred to as the Latter Prophets. This section of scripture contains seventeen books, and these books contain prophecies from major Old Testament prophets such as Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel. It also includes twelve of what are known as the Minor Prophets, including Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.
The scriptures of the Old Testament offer a fascinating glimpse into God’s relationship with the ancient world and the largest monotheistic religion of its time. Its 39 books provide an invaluable resource for the understanding of Christianity, and they are an integral part of the canonization of scripture that is still observed and respected by people of faith today.